History Of Chocolate
Among the most favorite confitures of the people around the globe, chocolate is considered as one of the most popular confections which are highly demanded in almost every country in the world. Its delicious and stimulating flavor has attracted many people for hundreds of years.
There are many theories which give interesting explanations about the origin of the name “Chocolate”. One theory explains that the name most likely came from the “Nahuatl” language which is spoken by around 1.5 million Nahua people in Central Mexico. Another theory says that Spaniards had coined the word by taking the Maya word “chocol” and then replacing the Maya term for water, “haa”, with the Aztec “atl”. Moreover, Maya’s verb “chokola’j” which means “to drink together”, has also been suggested as an origin of the word “Chocolate”.
The history of Chocolate begins at the time when Spaniards and Tlaxcaltecs had conquered Mexico in 1521. Hernán Cortés Pizarro, a Spanish conquistador, found Aztec Indians using cocoa beans, an important material in producing Chocolate, in the preparation of the royal drink which is called “chocolatl”. He took “Chocolatl” back to Spain and introduced it to the Spanish people. This new drink became popular and rapidly spread throughout the country.
At first, chocolate’s recipe was kept secret by the Spanish for many years, but a group of Spanish monks, who had been consigned to process cocoa beans, finally let the secret out. This made chocolate’s deliciousness spread rapidly to other European countries such as, France, Netherlands, Italy, France, Germany, and in about 1520, it arrived in England. Not long after that, this sweet substance crossed the Atlantic Ocean to the United States of America during the time of American Revolutionary War.
In the United States, the business of chocolate production has grown faster than anywhere else in the world. In 1765, the first chocolate factory was established in America and continuously followed by one after another. During World War II, chocolate was recognized by the U.S. government as an important mean for enrich the nourishment and group’s spirit of the Allied Armed Forces. In this present day, chocolate has even been taken into space as a part of the diet of U.S. astronauts.
Today, chocolate is warmly welcomed by people in every country around the globe. We can find chocolate products in almost every store that we step in, and we also find that people give chocolate as a present to each other during many important events and festivals all year round. Therefore, may be we can claim that chocolate is the number one confiture of the world.